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Dao Quan Trang

(Kim Meun, Qua Pae Meun (Quan Trang Yao or Dao with white trousers) a sub branch of the Mun Yao. They are believed to have come to Vietnam in the thirteenth century)

This Dao (Yao) sub group is known in Vietnam as Dao Quan Trang or Dao with white trousers as traditionally the women wear white trousers for ceremonial use including weddings although they wear indigo ones for every day. They are found in Tuyen Quang, Ha Giang, Yen Bai and Lao Cai provinces. These photos were taken in Luong village, Lao Cai province in 1 November 1995 shortly after leaving Sa Pa for the town of Lao Cai. Jess G Pourret in his book 'The Yao, The Mien and Mun Yao in China, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand' talks of the Dao Quan Trang living on flat land and growing wet rice, corn, cassava, tobacco, fruit and vegetables. They adopt local dwellings and live in long houses built on posts by local Thai or Nung carpenters. The braid being woven in the photos may be used as a belt by the women to tie around their jackets or it may have other uses such being used by men as a harness to carry a knife - as was the case with the one shown amongst the tea cups below. See also "Textiles of the Highland Peoples of Northern Vietnam, Mon-Khmer, Hmong-Mien, and Tibeto-Burman" by Michael C Howard and Kim Be Howard pages for further information on this Dao group.

all text & images Pamela A Cross

Click on thumbnail to go to enlargement - click on enlargement to return to photogallery
to 49K Jpeg 9511A06 A house in Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.
to Jpeg 42K 9511A07 A house in Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.
to Jpeg 48K 9511A08 Houses in Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.
to Jpeg 44K 9511A02 Weaving a braid with the warp tension achieved between toes and a tie around the waist. Although the braid is narrow quite a complicated shed is set up. Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.
to Jpeg 34K 9511A04 Weaving a braid with the warp tension achieved between toes and a tie around the waist. Although the braid is narrow quite a complicated shed is set up. Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.
Jpeg 41K 9511A05 Weaving a braid with the warp tension achieved between toes and a tie around the waist. Although the braid is narrow quite a complicated shed is set up. Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.
to Jpeg 41K 9511A01 Woven braids, probably Dao Quan Trang but possibly Nung, woven on a toe-waist tension loom. These briads were used as a harness to carry a machete or knife. Similar braids used to tie around the waist of Dao Quan Trang women's coats. Luong village, Lao Cai province in 1995 shortly after leaving Sa Pa for the town of Lao Cai.
to Jpeg 34K 9511A03 Luong village, Lao Cai province in 1995 shortly after leaving Sa Pa for the town of Lao Cai.
to Jpeg 47K 9511A12 Dao Quan Trang family. The women's white bib bodices are held up by a white metal neck loop. The bodice is embroidered with indigo and red. The jackets are indigo blue with a limited amount of embroidery. The women wear a square of embroidered and edged fabric on their heads. Note that the women chew betel nut as indicated by their stained gums.
to Jpeg 41K 9511A09 Dao Quan Trang women's every day jackets and trousers hanging out to dry. Luong village, Lao Cai province in 1995 shortly after leaving Sa Pa for the town of Lao Cai.
to Jpeg 37K 9511A10 Dao Quan Trang woman's bodice hanging out to dry and showing the reverse side of the embroidery with the characteristic stars at the base. The background fabric is probably cottton. Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.
to Jpeg 39K 9511A11 Dao Quan Trang woman's bodice hanging out to dry and showing the reverse side of the embroidery with the characteristic stars at the base. The background fabric appears to be hand spun and woven and is probably cottton. Luong village on the road from Sa Pa to Lao Cai town, Lao Cai province.

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this page last updated 2 March, 2016